Receding hairline? Way too many hair stands in your hairbrush? More and more of your scalp peeping at you in the mirror?
Do not neglect any of these or you may be a tad too late for recovery. Whether it’s taking the appropriate hair loss prevention measures or it’s going for the right hair fall treatment, getting it done at the right time is of vital importance. Two out of three people with hair loss detect it late and you surely don’t want to be amongst them.
After successfully treating more than 2,50,000 hair loss cases with the winning combination of Homeopathy, Trichology and Technology, we can assure you of safe, effective and lasting solutions for your hair loss problems. Advanced diagnostic technique such as Video Microscopy, the expertise of our London-trained Trichologists and the use of technology such as Low level Laser comb & Piler light therapy form an amalgamation that is a reliable treatment for hair loss. Go ahead and experience the joy of finding that perfect hair fall solution for you.
Five million is the approximate number of hair on the adult human body of which about 80,000 to 150,000 are on the scalp!
Hair is composed almost entirely of a protein called keratin (which is why it is important to take enough protein in your diet) and gets the black color from a pigment – eumelanin. Not everybody has hair that is black; the yellowish or reddish color of some people’s hair comes from the pigment pheomelanin.
A tubular cavity in outermost layer of skin from which the hair shaft grows is called ‘hair follicle’. All hair follicles are formed while the baby is in the mother’s womb; no new follicle is produced after birth. Each follicle is capable of producing 20-30 hair strands in a lifetime, with each hair having a life cycle of 3-5 years.
Natural growth of hair:
Hair grows at the rate of about half an inch per month. It grows fastest in summers and slowest in winters, and grows best between the ages of 15 to 30. The total length to which hair can grow is genetically determined and therefore everyone cannot grow hair to the same length.
There are three main phases of the hair growth cycle: anagen, catagen and telogen.
Anagen is the active growth phase when hair fiber is produced.
Catagen is the next phase – a period of status quo wherein there is neither growth nor regression of the hair strand
Telogen is the final phase wherein the hair strand falls off and the follicle does not produce any new hair.
Every strand of hair goes through this cycle of growth, stagnation and fall. At any given point of time, about 90% of the hair strands are in the growing phase. When the ratio of hair in the growing phase and shedding phase is disturbed, the loss of hair becomes noticeable.
What is Hair Loss?
Hair loss is a generalized term characterizing loss of hair well in excess of the normal 50-100 hair strands per day. In certain cases even though the hair loss is within normal limits, for various reasons, the body stops growing new hair, leading to a gradual state of baldness.
Anyone can experience hair loss – men, women and children though it is generally seen to worsen with advancing age. Certain statistics state that almost 30% of people experience hair loss by 30 years of age and almost 50% get hair loss by the time they turn 50.
Women develop hair loss almost as frequently as men do but they don’t lose much of the volume due to hormonal differences. The patterns of hair loss also differ in both the sexes and this has been discussed at a later stage.
The response of people to hair loss varies from leaving the condition to run its own course to covering it up with hats, wigs, hair pieces, toupees, etc. Many rush to acquire lotions, pills, shampoos to curb the hair loss. And then there are even those who would take up the surgical option for freedom from progressing baldness. Whatever the options available, do consult your doctor before you opt for any of these.
Causes of Hair Loss
“A hair in the head is worth two in the brush” thus said Oliver Herford and he surely realized the worth of every strand. But do we stop to think as to what has resulted in all those extra hair in our hair brush, on the pillow or on the floor of our house? If we know what has caused the hair loss, we can surely take the next step to control the same.
We have already seen that DHT (Dihydrotestosterone) – the male sex hormone – is the primary trigger of male and female pattern baldness. Besides this, more and more hair follicles go into the resting phase with advancing age leading to gradual thinning of hair. Heredity is also known to determine hair loss problems.
Discussed here are some of the other general causes of hair loss commonly seen:
Poor Nutrition: This is one of the commonest reasons for hair loss, especially in India. Iron deficiency (anemia) tops the list and is followed by protein deficiency. Improper absorption of the nutrients can also lead to poor nutrition.
Crash dieting: Excessive dieting especially mono dieting, which involves completely avoiding a particular type of food group, causes a disturbance in the balance of protein, carbohydrates and fat, leading to hair loss, which sometimes does not reverse even after the patient gets back to a normal diet.
Oral contraceptives: Certain oral contraceptives using synthetic progesterone can lead to female pattern baldness. Then again, stopping oral contraceptives is also known to be associated with generalized hair loss for sometime.
Poor circulation: A study of young men diagnosed with male pattern baldness showed that the blood flow to their scalps was on average 2.6 times lower than in a control group. Follicles that are constantly deprived of blood, and therefore nutrients, cannot produce hair properly.
Smoking: Nicotine (tobacco) negatively influences the micro-circulation of the scalp leading to increased hair loss.
Mental stress: There is increased hair loss when an individual is highly stressed – the exact mechanism of this is not known.
Dandruff: This is inflamed flaky skin on the scalp and it hinders proper circulation and nutrition to the hair thereby causing increased hair loss.
Medications: Drugs used in the treatment of gout, depression, arthritis, high blood pressure and heart problems can lead to increased hair loss. Chemotherapy drugs, radiation treatment are other common causes.
Presence of other systemic illnesses such as Diabetes, Lupus, Scleroderma
Hormonal changes: Pregnancy, childbirth, menopause, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, etc. can lead to significant hair loss.
Hair treatments: Chemical treatment of hair especially with ammonia based products, perming, straightening, ironing, etc can lead to loss of hair
Infection of the scalp – especially ringworm of the scalp can lead to hair loss.
Local diseases of the scalp such as Psoriasis, lichen planus, etc.
While recuperating from a serious illness such as high fever, sudden or excessive weight loss, after a surgery or from metabolic disturbances